After the defeat of his brother Yoshioka Seijuro, by Miyamoto Musashi, the Yoshioka family and sword school was taken over by Yoshioka Denschichiro, a formidable warrior in his own right. Feeling aggrieved that Miyamoto Musashi had so easily bested his brother and brought dishonor upon his school and family, Denschichiro challanged Musashi to a duel. Only this time, it would be to death. Musashi agreed.
The two combatants agreed that the duel would take place outside the Buddhist temple of Sanjusangendo in Kyoto. The temple is famous for its thousand statues of Kannon, the Shinto goddess of compassion.
Again Miyamoto Musashi arrived hours later than the agreed upon time to fight Denshichiro. When he did eventually saunter in, he was again armed with a wooden sword or bokken which enraged Denshichiro. This was, after all, supposed to be a duel to death, clearly Musashi was not taking this seriously. Denshichiro himself was armed with a wooden staff that had been banded with iron rings.
As with Musashi’s first duel the fight was over in seconds, Musashi hit Denshichiro with a single blow to the head and he was killed instantly. The the leadership of the house and school now passed to the 12-year old Yoshioka Matashichiro.